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CORTONA Major historical figures -
(The information that follows has been taken from Roberto G. Salvatori, Appunti per una Bibliografia aretina (articolata e ragionata) dalle origini al 1999, online version, URL: http://www.unisi.it/bla/bibliografia_aretina.html , aggiornamento a cura di Elisabetta Di Benedetto )
ANGELO [or AGNOLO] di PIETRO (Assisi, or Cortona, 1345-1362) - sculptor.
BALDELLI-BONI, GIOVAN BATTISTA - Academic (Cortona 1766 - Siena 1831). Count, was in the service of the court of France and also an able soldier. As well as being appointed governor of Siena, he held a number of public offices. A collaborator on the Antologia del Vieusseux, he studied Boccaccio (Vita di G.B, 1806) and Petrarch (Del Petrarca e delle sue opere libri quattro, 1797),and edited texts by Boccaccio and Machiavelli. [D.E.I.]
BERNABEI, DOMENICO, known as Domenico da Cortona (b. prob. Cortona circa 1470 - d. prob. Paris circa 1549). Architect, engineer. bibl.: D.B.I., IX, 127.
BERNABEI TOMMASO, known as Il Papagello (Cortona, 1490/1500 - d. 1559). Painter. Annunciation and Assumption in the church of Madonna del Calcinaio (near Cortona); Episodes of Roman history at the Palazzone (near Cortona).bibl.: D.B.I., IX, 137.
BERRETTINI FILIPPO (Cortona, 1582-1644). Sculptor and architect. Castiglion Fiorentino: two altars in the church of S. Agostino, one altar in the church of the Madonna della Consolazione (1634); Cortona façade of Palazzo Pretorio (1613) [secondo S 144, ill. n. 369, a. 1603]; design of the church of S. Filippo [S 141]; begun work on the church of the Spirito Santo [S 142].
BERETTINI LORENZO (Cortona, 1620 - d. prob. Ascoli Piceno 1672). Painter. bibl.: D.B.I., IX, 308.
BERRETTINI LUCA (Cortona, 1609; d. prob. Rome, 1680). Carver, architect, sculptor. bibl.: D.B.I., IX, 398.
BERRETTINI, PIETRO [v.: Pietro da Cortona].
BARBADORO, BERNARDINO. Historian, university professor (Cortona 1889 - Florence 1961).
BONI, EGIDIO. Augustinian monk, Bishop of Vicenza, diplomat for the Holy See (Cortona; d. 1631).
CAPULIO, PIETRO. Theologian, a member of the Order of the Poor Friars, Bishop of Conversano (Cortona circa 1560 - Conversano [Bari] 1674).
CASALI, ALOIGI BATTISTA. Lord of Cortona. (Cortona 1383 - Venice 1420).
CASALI, BARTOLOMEO. Lord of Cortona (b. prob. Cortona circa 1310 - d. prob. 1363).
CASALI, FRANCESCO. Lord of Cortona (d. Cortona 1375).
CASALI, FRANCESCO SENESE. Lord of Cortona (Cortona 1376 - 1407).
CASALI, GUGLIELMINO. Politician and Imperia Vicar of Cortona (Cortona 1261 - d. before 1324).
CASALI, NICCOLÒ GIOVANNI. Lord of Cortona (b. prob. Cortona circa 1366 - d. Pierle di Cortona 1384).
CASALI, RANIERI. Lord of Cortona ( b. end 13th century - d. Cortona 1351).
CASALI, UGUCCIO. Known as “il Vecchio”. Politician (Cortona; d. before 1316).
CASALI, UGUCCIO URBANO. Lord of Cortona (Cortona before 1363 - Florence 1400).
CECCHI, DOMENICO. Known as “il Cortona” - Sopranista (Cortona, mid-17th century – d. Cortona or Vienna 1717).
CIOLI, ANDREA. Dimplomat and Secretary of State (Cortona 1573 - Florence 1641).
CIUCCIO DI NUCCIO (Cortona, 1474-1491). Sculptor. Cortona: marble ciborium in the Duomo (1491); another in the church of Sant’Agostino (uncertain attribution); baptismal font in the Museo Diocesano.
COPPI ELIA (Cortona, 1171/82-1253). Architect. Cortona: begins the construction of the church of San Francesco (1245)
COLTELLINI, LODOVICO. Etruscan specialist (Leghorn 1720 - Cortona 1810).
CORTONA, ANTONIO. Singer and composer (b. prob. Cortona 1680 - d. after 1740).
COVATTI BERNARDINO (Cortona, first half of the 16th century). Sculptor. Cortona: Main door of the Madonna del Calcinaio (1543); altar of the same church (1519) [S 113].
CRISTOFANELLO (Giovanni Battista di Cristofano Infregliati) (Cortona, first half of the 16th century). Sculptor and architect. Cortona: stone fireplace of the Sala del Consiglio in the Palazzo Comunale; right hand doorway of the Duomo; begins work on the building of the church of Santa Maria Nuova; builds Palazzo Mancini-Sernini (1533).
ELIA da Cortona (Brother Elia). Second administrator of the Franciscan Order (Assisi circa 1180 – Cortona 1253). After completing law studies, he became one of the most trusted followers of St Francis, who appreciated his remarkable organisational skills. Ran the mission in Syria (1217-1220). After returning to Italy he was appointed General Vicar of the Franciscan Order (1221-1227), managing to earn the respect and friendship of Cardinal Ugolino da Ostia, with whom he worked on organising the Franciscan Order. After the death and canonisation of St Francis he became General Minister of the order (1232-1239) and was known for his harsh administration. After leaving his position within the order, Elia retired to Cortona where he began work on a magnificent convent. Travelled to Assisi towards the end of 1239 in the hope of bringing about a reconciliation between Pope Gregory IX and Frederick II. Despite a papal ban on anyone entering into contact with the emperor, he travelled to Frederick in Pisa and remained in his service as a diplomat. In 1250 Elia was reconciled with the Church. Among his many achievements, Elia is perhaps best known for having promoted the construction of the Basilica of St Francis in Assisi, although it is highly unlikely that he actually designed the building, as some historians have believed in the past .
FIERLI, GREGORIO. Jurist (Cortona 1744 - Florence 1807). Contributed considerably to the drawing up of trade laws and laws governing farming. D.E.I.]
FRANCESCO DI PIETRO (Assisi, or Cortona, 1345-62). Sculptor. Cortona: tomb of Ranieri Ubertini [attributed], along with his brother Angelo in the church of San Francesco (1345); tomb of St Margherita, along with his brother Angelo in the sanctuary of Santa Margherita (1362).
GUIDO da Cortona, beatified. Priest (Cortona between 1185 and 1190 - between 1247 and 1250). Was admitted by St Francis himself in the initial group of followers (1211) and was authorised to exercise the priesthood by the saint himself. Lived in the Celle hermitage near Cortona, which he founded. Was regarded as a saint even during his lifetime. Feast day on June 12th. [D.E.I.]
JANNELLI ANTONIO (Cortona, 1652-1731). Architect. Cortona: designs for the church of San Filippo (1720)
LAPARELLI FRANCESCO (Cortona, 1521- Candia1570). Architect. Cortona: bell tower of the Duomo (1566); Medici or Girifalco fortress in collaboration with Gabrio Serbelloni (1556) [secondo S 102, aa. 1556-61]. bibl.: Pier Lodovico OCCHINI, Un grande italiano del cinquecento: Francesco Laparelli a Malta, in AMAP, XX-XXI (1936 XIV-XV), I e II semestre; D.E.I
LAPARELLI, VERONICA. Cistercian nun. Born in Cortona. Beatified.
LEGGI MICHELANGELO (active in Cortona, records from 1536, d. 1544) (known as ‘il Mezzanotte’ [S 137]). Carver. Cortona: ceiling of the Museo Diocesano.
LUCA di Cortona. Organ builder in the 16th century.
MANCINI, GIROLAMO. Academic and man of letters (Cortona 1832 - Florence 1924); taught humanistic studies and was involved in the 1860 and 1866 wars. (Vita di L. B. Alberti, 1882; Vita di L. Valla, 1891, ecc.). [D.E.I.]
MAZZUOLI FRANCESCO [known also as Dionisio?] - (Cortona, or Siena, d. circa 1670). Architect and sculptor. Cortona: high altar of the Duomo; 4 candle-bearing angels in the same church [S 148]; Siena: two altars of the Duomo (1651); completed the high altar in the church of San Francesco; oratorio of San Giovanni Battista (1654), bibl.: DEAU, III, 521.
MONETI, FRANCESCO. Writer (Cortona 1635 - Assisi 1712). A devout Franciscan, Moneti nonetheless disgraced himself with his superiors on a number of occasions due to his scathing and satirical attitude. In 1669, after the death of Clement IX, and in 1677 Moneti launched a fierce lampoon against the Jesuits, which he was obliged to retract in 1709. A keen astrologist, from 1681 until his death he published a series of popular almanacs each year. [D.E.I.]
MONETI, MATTIA. Friar in the 18th century. A keen botanist.
PANCRAZI, PIETRO. Writer (Cortona 1893 – Florence 1952). Literary critic for a number of newspapers including Resto del Carlino, Secolo di Milano and Corriere della Sera. [D.E.I.]
PIETRO DA CORTONA (Pietro Berrettini, detto) (Cortona, 1596 – Rome, 1669). Painter and architect.
PRESENTI ENRICO (Cortona, 1810?-1872). Architect. Cortona: building of the sanctuary of Santa Margherita (together with Mariano Falcini).
RADI BERNARDINO (Cortona, 1581-1643) [1583-1645, secondo S 142]. Sculptor and architect. Cortona: high altar of the church of Santa Maria Nuova [of the church of San Francesco, according to S 142]; Florence: designs (completed by Pietro Tacca) for the fountains in Piazza SS. Annunziata; Palazzo dei Padri delle Missioni in Borgo S. Jacopo.
SEVERINI GINO (Cortona, 1883-1966). Painter.
SIGNORELLI FRANCESCO (Cortona, news from 1520 - d. after 1553). Painter.
SIGNORELLI LUCA (Cortona, 1441/50-1523) [b. 1445/50 according to DPP]. Painter.
UCCELLI, DECIO FILIPPO. Doctor. Cortona, September 2nd 1770 – Florence, May 1st 1832.
UCCELLI, GIOVAN GUALBERTO. Doctor. Cortona, September 13th 1770 – March 1st 1845.
URBANI URBANO (Cortona, 16th – 17th century). Glass painter.
URBANO DI PIETRO DA CORTONA (Cortona, ca. 1426-1504). Sculptor.
VENUTI. Cortona family known for its members’ archaeological studies in the 18th century. The three brothers Filippo (v.), Marcello (v.) and Ridolfino (v.) founded the Accademia Etrusca.
VENUTI, DOMENICO - (b. Cortona 1745 - d. 1817) Son of Niccolò Marcello, managed and developed the porcelain factory at Capodimonte [D.E.I.] and founded a ceramic factory at Catrosse (near Cortona).
VENUTI, FILIPPO - (Cortona 1709 - 1769). Friend of Montesquieu, was also an archaeologist [like Niccolò Marcello and Ridolfino] (Dissertation sur le monuments de Bordeaux, 1754) and cultivated his literary interests. [D.E.I.]
VENUTI, GIUSEPPE BENVENUTO. Cortona-born nobleman who lived in the 18th century.
VENUTI, LODOVICO Cortona-born nobleman who lived in the 18th century.
VENUTI, NICCOLO’ MARCELLO. Archaeologist (Cortona 1700 -1755), known mainly for his role as one of the first to dig and research around Herculaneum, as well as for his studies on antiquities near Cortona and in Tuscany. [D.E.I.]
VENUTI, RIDOLFINO. Archaeologist (Cortona 1705 - Rome 1763), One of the leading archaeologists of his day, he published the ‘Antiqua numismata’ for Cardinal A. Albani (2 voll. 1739-44), the ‘Descrizione topografica delle antichità di Roma’ (1763), the Museum Cortonense (1750, with A. F. Gori and F. Valesio); posthumous publications include the ‘Vetera monumenta Mattheiorum’, 1779. [D.E.I]
VINCENZO DA CORTONA (Cortona, news of 1502-1517). Carver and engraver
ZUCCHINI, ANDREA. Cortona-born botanist in the 18th century.