Our network: Guides | Hotels
Saturday 24 September 2022
Italiano English

Brother Elia

Email this page | Printable
Brother Elia was born between 1170 and 1180, either in Cortona or Assisi. In 1211 he became a follower of St Francis, took vows and became one of the saint’s most trusted and closest friends.

1217: thanks to the efforts of Brother Elia the order was organised into Province, Custodie, Conventi and Romitori, while Elia himself was entrusted to carry out the mission in Syria and the Holy Land.

1219: Francis also arrived in Syria and was amazed at the work carried out by Brother Elia, who had managed to earn the respect of Christians and Muslims alike.

1220: Francis and Brother Elia return to Italy. Francis abandons the administration of the order and appoints Brother Pietro Cattaneo as Vicar, who dies only five months later.

1221 – 1227: Brother Elia is appointed Vicar, first for Francis and then of the Franciscan Order after the saint’s death. The order organises large-scale missions in Germany (1221) and England (1224), promoting the so-called Regola Bollata (1223).

1226: is present at the death of Francis, who blesses him. Elia will be the person to announce the miracle of the stigmata to the entire order.

1228: begins work on the construction of the basilica of St Francis in Assisi and arranges for the saint’s remains to be moved there in 1230.

1232(?) – 1239: acts as General Minister for the Franciscan Order and carries out a number of activities, although little historical documentation exists of this period.

1239: for reasons that are not clear, Brother Elia is not reconfirmed General Minister of the order. He returns to Assisi for a time, where he acts as ‘custodian’ for the basilica, prior to retiring to Cortona. Towards the end of 1239 he is entrusted to mediate with the Pope on behalf of Frederick II, who has been excommunicated. Without papal authorisation Brother Elia travels to Pisa to see the emperor, thereby incurring the risk of excommunication in defiance of the Pope’s decree that no one go near Frederick. He writes a letter of justification on behalf of the emperor to the Pope, who never receives it.

1242(?)- 1244: mission of reconciliation between Emperor Bauduin II of Constantinople and Nicea. In return he receives a relic from the Holy Cross, which he donates to the church of San Francesco and Cortona.

1245: begins work on the construction of the monumental church and convent of St Francis in Cortona, where his remains are still kept.

April 22nd 1253: dies at Cortona, in peace with the Church and freed of all his ecclesiastical censorships.

[Immagini ed informazioni a cura del Centro Studi Santa Maria di Betlem tratte dal sito Santa Maria di Betlem, URL www.smbsassari.com]


  General information
The City of Cortona 
The Weather in Cortona 
Local Opening Times 
Useful and Emergency Numbers 
Pharmacies in Cortona 
Famous Lines About Cortona 
Post Office 
Teatro Signorelli  

  Transport in town
Road Map 
Traffic Restrictions 
Parking in Cortona 
Town Map 
Hotels Map in Cortona 
How to Reach Cortona 

  Transport out of town
Surrounding Towns and Villages 
Buses Outside Town 

  Where to Stay
Farmhouse Residences and Country Houses 

  Where to eat and drink

University of Georgia studies abroad at Cortona 
Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa 
Sant'Agostino Conference Centre 

  Art and monuments
Association for the Recovery of the Heritage of Cortona 
The Palazzone 
Palazzo Casali 

  Art and religion
The "Celle" Hermitage 
Church of San Marco 
Church of San Cristoforo 
Church of San Benedetto  
Church of Sant'Antonio Abate 
Church of Santa Margherita 

  Museums and galleries
Archivio Storico 
Museo Diocesano del Capitolo 
MAEC - Museo dell'Accademia Etrusca 
Museo Archeologico e Paleontologico of Farneta 
Accademia Etrusca and Council Library 

  Tourist attractions
The Melone II° del Sodo 
Cortona Archaeological Park 


  Major historical figures
Silvio Passerini (1469-1529) 
St Margherita (1247-1297) 
Luca Signorelli (144?-1523) 
Pietro Berrettini (1596-1669) 
Gino Severini (1883-1966) 
Brother Elia 
Famous Cortonese 

  What to see & do
Lake Trasimeno 
Weddings in Tuscany 
Archaeological Itinerary 

  Lake Trasimene
Lake Trasimene 
Eating well by Lake Trasimene 
Where to stay by Lake Trasimene 
Bathing - Lake Trasimene 
The islands - boat tours 
Ristorante Da Massimo, lago Trasimeno - Magione 

  Specials - Out of town
Gift Ideas for traveling 
Wedding in Cortona 
Arezzo - where to sleep - Discover the city of Antiquarian and Gold 
Pierle and Its Castle 
Stay in Val di Chiana aretina 

Typical Tuscan products 

  Typical products
Signal a Craft